A Catch-22 From China That Could Derail Indonesia's Widodo

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Posted by K. Verry | Posted on 6/06/2018 02:06:00 PM

To win votes, the Indonesian leader needs Chinese cash to build railways and ports. To build those railways and ports he needs to accept the Chinese workers who are losing him votes

BY JEFFREY HUTTON

​Saturday, 
12 M
​ay ​
2018

On his FIRST visit to Indonesia this month as president of China Railway Corp, Lu Dongfu could have been forgiven if he felt bemused at the delays bedevilling the US$6 billion (HK$47 billion) Jakarta-Bandung high-speed rail project that his company was helping build.

Disputes with landowners have meant work has only just started on several sites along the 150km route – three years after Lu's firm beat out Japanese rivals for the train line. By comparison, Lu said in January that the CRC would bring another 3,500km of high-speed rail into operation in China this year alone.

"He said he understands," said one Chinese reporter 
​ ​
accompanying Lu on a visit to a construction site near Jakarta's Halim Airport, where the excavation on tunnel No. 1 is now under way. The reporter did not want to be identified because he was discussing an off-the-record conversation. "He said it's never easy pushing infrastructure projects in democratic countries."

Such comments hint at a growing sensitivity on behalf of Chinese officials towards local laws. If so, that is good news for President Joko Widodo, who has staked his hopes of a second term partly on securing badly needed infrastructure investment from China.
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As China has stepped up investment in Indonesia – and more Chinese have taken up jobs here – resentment has driven some locals to protest. That has left Widodo to balance his country's appetite for trains, ports and power plants with protecting local workers as he eyes re-election next April.

"Widodo's relationship with China is shaping up as an election issue," said Keith Loveard, senior analyst with Jakarta-based business risk firm, Concord Consulting. "The relationship with China could turn toxic for him."

So China appears to be cutting Widodo some slack. Without giving details, Li promised to rein in the number of Chinese workers building steel plants, infrastructure and even serving as tour guides in Bali. This week on the popular resort island of Bali, Indonesian tour guides swarmed the immigration office protesting against a surge in the number of Chinese nationals working in the same profession.

Meanwhile, local media reporting on the Morowali special economic zones in Central Sulawesi alleged thousands of illegal workers from China had arrived to help build a nickel smelter and mill capable of churning out 3 million tonnes of steel a year.
While the government has vowed to investigate the reports, the operation – owned by Bintangdelapan Group and China's Dingxin Group – has denied the existence of illegal workers.

With its parks and Dutch colonial architecture, Bandung is a popular weekend getaway.

But the train journey currently takes three and half hours and with heavy peak-hour traffic, car journeys can take twice as long.

Banks on board
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When Li's project is complete, it is hoped high-speed trains will catapult up from sweltering Jakarta through 760 metres of mountainous terrain and tea plantations to the balmy hilltop city.
And although some Chinese designs propose a train that can top 350km/h, the four stops along the relatively short track mean it is unlikely to ever reach those speeds.

But the project is going full-steam ahead. Before Li's visit, which wrapped up on Tuesday, the China Development Bank disbursed US$170 million in loans to kick-start work on the technically challenging project – which was a campaign pledge of Widodo's successful 2014 leadership bid.

And by disbursing the funds, China has done Widodo a favour with voters who may be frustrated with the project's glacial progress, said Rene Pattiradjawane, a researcher at the Centre for Chinese Studies in Jakarta.

"China is trying to ensure that Jokowi's pledge is on track, so to speak," Pattiradjawane said, referring to Widodo's widely used nickname.

"The money is there and work is starting."

Rising resentment

But Widodo's reliance on Chinese investment risks backfiring amid the worker influx and the rising resentment it has caused.

China is Indonesia's third biggest investor behind Singapore and Japan. But according to government data, the number of Chinese nationals working in Indonesia has ballooned fivefold over the past decade to more than 24,000. That is nearly twice the number of workers from Japan, which comes a distant second and is the second largest investor.

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Anti-China bias has a long history in Indonesia. Last year Jakarta's former governor, Basuki Purnama, a Christian of Chinese descent, was drummed out of office in an election that turned on religion and race. During his 2014 election bid, Widodo was the victim of smear campaigns alleging his grandfather was Chinese. And this month marks 20 years since rumours of Chinese merchants hoarding rice sparked deadly riots, killing an estimated 1,000.

"The Chinese are acknowledging the number of foreign workers is a huge number," Pattiradjawane said. "This is a statement they are going to do something."

Even so, Widodo cannot afford to drive too hard a bargain with the imported Chinese workers.

While work has started on the train, much of the president's infrastructure wish list remains unfulfilled with the country still chasing more than US$150 billion worth of investment earmarked for his current term. Meanwhile, his administration has pledged US$15 billion for this year alone.

Widodo has promised to spur economic growth to about 7 per cent from about 5 per cent now, in part by investing in infrastructure. But slow trains and tangled ports drive up costs. Indonesian manufacturers spend a quarter of their sales on logistics, according to the World Bank. In Thailand it's 15 per cent.

Promises for growth

Scott Younger, director of Jakarta based consultancy Nusantara Infrastructure, said that to reach Widodo's growth target, Indonesia needed to secure annual investment of about US$90 billion.

"Indonesia needs everything: ports, roads, rail, everything if it hopes to have faster rates of growth."

In April, Luhut Pandjaitan, the country's coordinating minister for maritime affairs, visited Beijing and scraped together about half the US$20 billion of investment he was seeking.

Nevertheless, Widodo has plenty of margin for error. Opinion polls put him in front of his most likely challenger, Prabowo Subianto, whom he beat in 2014 by double digits; inflation is under control; and the jobs that Chinese are said to be taking are largely in remote areas.

Even so, Widodo ignores the issue at his peril. "Any country would be upset," said Concord's Loveard. ■


Cuplikan Hadits: Larangan Membakar Manusia dan Makhluk Lainnya

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Posted by K. Verry | Posted in , | Posted on 8/29/2017 09:47:00 AM

Seoarang manusia yang dibakar, Fotol: YouTube
Dari Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu, berkata ia, "Rasulullah shallallahu alaihi wasallam mengutus kami dalam suatu pasukan dan bersabda, "Jika kalian mendapatkan fulan dan fulan (dua orang qurais), maka bakarlah dengan api". Kemudian ketika kami bersiap-siap berangkat, Rasulullah shallallahu alaihi wasallam bersabda, "Aku tadi menyuruh kalian untuk membakar fulan dan fulan, tetapi sesungguhnya tidak ada yang pantas menyiksa dengan api kecuali hanya Allah subhana wa ta'ala. Oleh karena itu, jika kalian menemukan mereka maka bunuhlah". [hadits riwayat Bukhari, No. 3016]

Cuplikan Hadits: Adab Makan dan Minum Cara Rasulullah SAW [1]

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Posted by vkusral | Posted in | Posted on 3/09/2017 08:00:00 PM

Image: Islam for Parents
1. Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda, “Apabila salah seorang di antara kalian makan, hendaklah ia membaca ‘Bismillah’ (dengan nama Allah). Jika ia lupa membacanya sebelum makan maka ucapkanlah ‘Bismillaahi fii awwalihi wa aakhirihi’ (dengan menyebut nama Allah pada awal dan akhir, aku makan)”. [hadits riwayat Tirmidzi]

2. Dari Ibnu Mas’ud r.a berkata, “Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam bersabda, “Barang siapa yang lupa untuk menyebut nama Allah ketika memulai makan, maka hendaklah ia mengucapkan saat ingat, ‘Bimillahi fi awwalihi wa akhirhi (Dengan nama Allah di awal dan di akhir).” Maka ia seperti menghadapi makanan baru lagi dan mencegah apa yang tadi sudah didapat setan.”

2. Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda, “Apabila salah seorang dari kalian makan, makanlah dengan tangan kanan dan minumlah dengan tangan kanan, karena sesungguhnya setan makan dan minum dengan tangan kirinya". [hadits riwayat Muslim]

Cuplikan Hadits: Larangan Bercelana Isbal

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Posted by vkusral | Posted in | Posted on 2/27/2017 08:00:00 AM


Yang dimaksud celana adalah kain yang menutupi kaki termasuk dalam konteks isbal ini adalah sarung, jubah atau gamis.

1. Dari Abu Hurairah r.a., Rasulullah SAW bersabda: “Kain yang berada di bawah mata kaki itu berada di neraka.” [hadits riwayat Bukhari, No. 5787]

2. Dari Ibnu Umar r.a., Rasulullah SAW bersabda: “Allah tidak akan melihat orang yang menyeret pakaianya dalam keadaan sombong.” [hadits riwayat. Muslim, No. 5574]

Cuplikan Hadits: Keutamaan Shalat Ashar

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Posted by K. Verry | Posted in | Posted on 3/12/2016 07:41:00 AM

http://salmanshaheen.com/

“Para malaikat malam dan malaikat siang silih berganti mendatangi kalian. Dan mereka berkumpul pada saat shalat subuh dan ashar. Kemudian malaikat yang menjaga kalian naik ke atas hingga Allah SWT bertanya kepada mereka (malaikat): “Dalam keadaan bagaimana kalian tinggalkan hamba-hamba-Ku?” Para malaikat menjawab: “Kami tinggalkan mereka dalam keadaan sedang menunaikan shalat. Begitu juga saat kami mendatangi mereka; mereka sedang mengerjakan shalat.” (hadits riwayat Bukhari, No. 555]

Bercerita Abu Bashrah al-Ghifari r.a., “Rasulullah SAW shalat ashar bersama kami di daerah Makhmash. Kemudian Nabi SAW bersabda: ‘Sesungguhnya shalat ini (shalat ashar) pernah diwajibkan kepada umat sebelum kalian, namun mereka menyia-nyiakannya. Barangsiapa yang menjaga shalat ini, maka baginya pahala dua kali lipat. Dan tidak ada shalat setelahnya sampai terbitnya syahid (bintang-bintang)." [hadits riwayat Muslim, No. 830]

Cuplikan Hadits: Kewajiban dan Keutamaan Shalat Jum'at

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Posted by K. Verry | Posted in | Posted on 1/15/2016 04:24:00 AM

image: pinterest.com

1. Bersabda Nabi SAW: "Shalat Jum'at itu adalah kewajiban bagi setiap muslim dengan berjamaah kecuali bagi empat golongan, yaitu budak, wanita, anak kecil dan orang yang sedang sakit." [hadits riwayat Abu Daud, No. 1067]

2. Dari Abu Hurarirah r.a. dan Abdullah Ibn 'Umar radiyaAllahu'anhuma, keduanya mendengar Nabi SAW bersabda sembari beliau (Nabi SAW) memegang tongkat di atas mimbarnya: "Hendaklah orang yang suka meninggalkan shalat Jum'at menghentikan perbuatannya, atau jika tidak maka Allah akan menutup hati mereka, kemudian mereka benar-benar termasuk golongan orang yang lalai." [hadits riwayat Muslim, No. 865]




Cuplikan Hadits: Keutamaan Shalat Malam

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Posted by K. Verry | Posted in | Posted on 12/25/2015 10:10:00 PM

Image: islam.ru
1.        Bersabda Nabi SAW: " Wahai Manusia! Sebarkanlah salam, berilah makan dan shalatlah di malam hari ketika manusia sedang tidur lelap, niscaya engkau masuk surga dengan penih kedamaian." [hadits riwayat Ibnu Majah, No. 1334]

2.      Sesungguhnya dari Jabir ibn Abdullah r.a., ia berkata: aku mendengar Nabi SAW bersabda: " Sesungguhnya pada malam hari ada suatu saat, tidaklah seorang muslim memohon kepada Allah akan kebaikan dari urusan dunia dan akhirat bertepatan dengan saat tersebut, maka Dia (Allah) mengabulkan permohonannya dan hal serupa itu (terjadi) pada setiap malam." [hadits riwayat Muslim, No. 1259]

3.       Rasulullah SAW bersabda: "Perumpamaan rumah yang ada dzikrullah (penghuninya senantisa mengingat Allah) dan tidak ada dzikrullah sama seperti orang hidup dan yang mati." [hadits riwayat Muslim 1299]

Cuplikan hadits: Keutamaan Kaum Fakir Miskin

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Posted by K. Verry | Posted in | Posted on 7/25/2014 11:35:00 PM


Image: kanzulislam.com

Bercerita Abi dari Sahl ibni Sahdissa'idi, berkata: lewat seorang laki-laki di depan Râsulullah SAW. Berkata Nabi SAW (kepada para sahabat: "Apa pendapat kalian tentang itu laki-laki?" Menjawab sahabat: "Ia adalah orang mulia di antara manusia, orang yang pantas, bila melamar tentu akan diterima (lamarannya). Bila menolong, tentu akan diterima (pertolongannya), jika berkata, tentu akan didengar (perkataannya)." Kemudian berkata Sahl (râwi), kemudian lewat seorang lain lagi dari kalangan miskin di depan Râsulullah SAW. Bertanya Nabi SAW: "Dan apa pendapat kalian tentang laki-laki itu?" Menjawab sahabat, "Demi Allâh! Dia adalah golongan fakir dari kaum muslimin. Jika ia melamar, tentu akan ditolak (lamarannya), jika menolong, maka akan ditolak pula (pertolongannya), jika berkata, maka tidak akan didengar (perkataannya)". Bersabda Nabi SAW: "Niscaya dia ini (orang miskin) adalah lebih baik dari seumpana sepenuh bumi menjadi milik dia yang itu (hartawan)". [hadits riwayat Ibnu Majah No. 4120, dengan sanad shâhih)

Bersabda Râsulullah SAW: "Memasuki kaum miskin dari golongan mukmin ke dalam surga lebih dulu daripada para insan (yang kaya), selama setengah hari (hitungan akhirat). 500 tahun (hitungan dunia). [hadits riwayat Ibnu Majah, No. 4122, sanad hasan shâhih)

Dari Abi Sa'id al Khudrii, dari Râsulullah SAW, bersabda: "Sesungguhnya orang-orang fakir dari golongan muhajirin memasuki surga sebelum golongan orang kaya dari kalangan mereka, kira-kira 500 tahun. [hadits riwayat Ibnu Majah, No. 4123, sanad hasan)      
                                  
Dari Abi Hurairah, berkata: Sayangilah oleh kalian, mereka orang miskin. Sesungguhnya aku mendengar Râsululullah SAW berdo'a: "Allahumma ahnii miskina, wa-amitni miskina, wahsyurnii fii zuhrâtil masaakiin. Ya Allâh, hidupkanlah aku bersama orang-orang miskin, matikanlah aku bersama orang-orang miskin dan kumpulkanlah aku bersama orang-orang miskin (kelak di akhirat)." [hadits riwayat Ibnu Majah, No. 3126, sanad shâhih)

Kalam Ilahi: Surat No. 55 (Ar Rahman)

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Posted by K. Verry | Posted in | Posted on 5/23/2014 02:22:00 PM

Image: YouTube



[1] (Tuhan) Yang Maha Pemurah,

[2] Yang telah mengajarkan Al Qur’an.

[3] Dia menciptakan manusia,

[4] Mengajarnya pandai berbicara.

[5] Matahari dan bulan (beredar) menurut perhitungan.

[6] Dan tumbuh-tumbuhan dan pohon-pohonan kedua-duanya tunduk kepada-Nya.

[7] Dan Allah telah meninggikan langit dan Dia meletakkan neraca (keadilan).

[8] Supaya kamu jangan melampaui batas tentang neraca itu.

[9] Dan tegakkanlah timbangan itu dengan adil dan janganlah kamu mengurangi neraca itu.

[10] Dan Allah telah meratakan bumi untuk makhluk (Nya).

[11] di bumi itu ada buah-buahan dan pohon kurma yang mempunyai kelopak mayang.

[12] Dan biji-bijian yang berkulit dan bunga-bunga yang harum baunya.

[13] Maka nikmat Tuhan kamu yang manakah yang kamu dustakan?